Modern construction due to technological progress does not stand still. An example is the facade glazing, which gives construction objects a unique charm. The buildings look especially beautiful, in addition, it gives the impression of weightlessness and lightness of construction. The construction of such a complex structure is quite a laborious process, and it can only be entrusted to professionals.
- Material for cold glazing, namely for frame structures, use both PVC and aluminum. But more often in such systems aluminum structures are used. As is known, aluminum is colder compared to plastic, hence the name.
- In cold glazing, as a rule, one glass or a double-glazed window is used, therefore its coefficient of heat transfer resistance is much lower than that of a warm glazing.
- The width of the frame profile is less than 5 cm. The profile itself contains 3, maximum 4 cameras, no more, and also, in contrast to the warm glazing, it has a smaller number of insulation contours.
Basically, the system is designed to enclose the internal structure of a building from various weather conditions: rain, snow, and wind. And of course to give the building design completeness and integrity. Solid, albeit cold type of glazing is able to maintain a certain temperature in the building. For example, if the street is -22 degrees, then the room will remain approximately +12 degrees.
Types of facade glazing
Transparent facades today have several glazing systems. There are options for frame or frameless glazing.
The following systems belong to a stained glass (frame) glazing:
- Structural, semi-structural
The panoramic (frameless) glazing includes such systems as:
The most popular glazing system - the classic, the most reliable and practical - rack and transom system. Due to its unique abilities, CDS is installed in the most diverse structures. The system mechanism fixes the glass unit in the frame structure as safely and safely as possible. The IWS got its name from the attachment.
The main element of the construction is the supporting vertical pillars, on which the horizontal beams are mounted, which take the main burden of the load. The metal frame is located on the inside of the wall; therefore, it is almost invisible in appearance.
Advantages of CPC
- Energy efficient, durable, safe and easy to use.
- Economical in care and use.
- The optimum ratio of quality (maximum opacity, high-quality thermal insulation) and aesthetic appeal.
- Profiles are interconnected in several ways, which allows you to satisfy various customer needs.
- If necessary, the addition of the facade opening elements, easily embedded window or door of any type.
- The system is notable for ease of installation and relatively low cost.
Structural is the type of glazing, in which the aluminum profile on the outer wall of the building, like any other frame is not needed a priori. Although the structural system belongs to the glazing frame group, no frames are visible from the outside of the building. The frame is located on the inside of the building. The outer part of it looks like a solid glass canvas. In essence, this is a CCF with only some modifications that have touched the front of the building. It is considered a warm facade glazing system. Double-glazed window in the desired plane is held with the help of adhesive-sealant, which is selected by color for the tone of glass. The composition of the adhesive allows you to resist the destructive ability of ultraviolet rays, not afraid of moisture and temperature extremes. The function of the sealant is to fix the outer glass, the inner one is held by the profile frame. It does not sound strange, but it is the silicone sealant that acts as a supporting element of the system. It has high durability and reliability.
This is also a cross-pillar glazing with only one difference - the external frame of the semi-structural system is much thinner, which visually creates the effect of the integrity of the entire structure of the glass sheet. The clips holding a double-glazed window hold it in the classical way. Then they are painted black, in order to imitate the structural glazing.
The modular view is a modified version of the rack-and-gang glazing system. Only thanks to a separate approach to installation and design, it stands out in a separate category. Composite components are the same, only the modular system is much more practical and can significantly reduce the loss of time, because it was originally designed not by independent stained-glass parts, but by a system of modules or blocks that already consist of several stained-glass windows.
Glazing system got its name thanks to high-strength steel fasteners that look like spider legs. And it is known that the English word "spider" translated into Russian means "spider". The main function of spiders is to connect the glass units to each other and fasten them to the main supporting frame. Only in appearance they seem so flawed and weak. In fact, high-alloy steel makes them truly durable and invulnerable. The item is able to serve for many years.
Spider system is referred to as a cold view of the front glazing. Glass put in such double-glazed windows or tempered or laminated (triplex). Let the weight of triplex clearly exceed the weight of ordinary glass, but the level of protection and durability due to the anti-shock function will also be much higher.
The cable system is a variation of the spider glazing. The fastening system is almost identical, but there are nuances. The frame in this case is not a steel base, but a system of tension cables. The cable system is much more difficult to design. Taking into account that the cable-stayed frame must with honor and dignity keep the glass unit, in addition, it must have the ability to resist various kinds of loads.