Today, for decoration of personal plots and park areas they actively use kohia. This plant appeared in China and very quickly became popular. Today it is cultivated in Europe, Asia, Japan, Australia and North America. The world popularity of summer cypress is due to its unpretentiousness to climatic conditions and an interesting appearance.
What does a plant look like?
Many of us are familiar with kohii - shrub with a lush crown. The plant is formed and acquires its appearance in early June and does not lose it until the first frost. During the summer the color of kohii changes. First, the plant is dark green or light green, and in the fall it strikes with a bright palette of colors. She may be:
- dark crimson.
No wonder kohiyu called summer cypress. It has very soft, thin, silt-free, silky leaves that feel like cypress needles to the touch. Kohiya tightly fixed in the ground - its root has a length of about three meters. Thanks to the advanced root system, the plant easily tolerates dry time and takes root even in Africa.
In July, the shrub begins to bloom, but the flower of kohii has a nondescript look. These flowers are difficult to see, because they are hidden under the foliage on the tops of the branches. After completion of pollination on the site of flowers, small nuts are ripening with seeds, which, falling into the ground, produce a new crop as early as next year.
Today in nature there are more than 80 species and varieties of this plant. The following types of kohii are actively used in ornamental gardening:
- perennial kohia;
- Kohiya Venika;
- kohia densely flowered;
- kohia hairy;
- Kohya woolly-flowered.
Venichnaya is actively used in landscape design and is suitable for cultivation in central Russia. It has the shape of a volumetric ball, which in the fall acquires a noble dark red shade. This type of kohia easily tolerates small frosts and pleases owners of suburban areas to the first strong frosts and snow.
Kochia perennial is a branching, but small shrub - no more than 50 cm high. All varieties of this variety can cover a large area of land - the length of the stems of the creeping perennial kohii reaches 70 cm. If the plant is properly maintained, it will cover the ground with a green silky soft carpet.
Kochia hairy is also used extensively in landscape design. The shrub grows in the form of a volume ball, which reaches 70 cm in diameter, and about a meter in height. In early summer, the plants have a light green tint, and in the fall they turn burgundy.
Kochia woolly and flowering plants do not have such a voluminous form as other varieties. They are also used for landscape design, but not as actively as the more lush species. For sculptural haircuts are ideally suited jade plants and sultan. The height of these shrubs reaches one meter, and width - 50 cm and more.
Kochia can be purchased in the form of a shrub, or it can be grown at home from seeds: they are simply placed in open ground. However, in order for the plant to take root, there must be good weather conditions, and people cannot provide them. If you want the seeds to give inputs faster, they need to be further treated with a growth stimulator.
The most common option is to grow kohia seedlings from seeds, which are then planted in open ground. First you need not save and buy quality seeds.
Then in special peat or plastic boxes for seedlings you need to prepare the ground. They need to mix peat, organic fertilizer, sand with the land from the dacha. Kohia is unpretentious and any soils are suitable for it, which are sold in garden stores. The main thing is that the soil was neutral in composition.
Seedlings need proper care. If watering is plentiful, then the stems of sprouts may turn black. If blackness began to appear on the plants, the diseased seedlings are removed, and sawdust or coal are put on the ground in the pots, as well as calcined sand. For prophylaxis immediately after planting in water for irrigation, you can add manganese or fertilizers that prevent the formation of fungus. Watering this solution does not need the very seedlings, and the soil on the edge of the pot. Otherwise, potassium permanganate or chemicals can burn still weak plants.
It is advisable to seed a maximum of two or three pieces immediately sow in a peat pot. Some time after planting, the weak sprouts are pulled out, and the peat pots together with the plants are planted in open ground - this way the kohia of any species will take root faster. Then, decomposing in open ground, peat provides additional nutrition to the plant's root system.
If you yourself, without the help of a landscape designer, ennoble your garden, carefully choose the place where the summer cypress will grow. This plant does not like excess moisture and shade, so for planting shrubs choose the most open areas on the estate.
Also it is necessary to abandon the idea of planting kohia in a lowland or in the ground, under which the groundwater closely lies. If you want the bushes to be high, pick open, sun-drenched places on your site.
Not everyone knows when to plant kohia in open ground. The main thing here is not to hurry, but to wait for the last spring frosts and let this spring weather get better, but you shouldn’t delay it either.
Home seedlings of kohii are planted when all saplings of fruit and berry trees are planted in late March and early April. The height of the seedlings at the time of planting should be at least 15 cm, then it takes root well and does not die. Shrubs, especially perennial, need to be planted at a distance of at least 40 cm. There must be enough free space around each seedling so that it has room to grow and move.
How to care for cochia
The main advantage of this shrub is its unpretentiousness. Even if there are interruptions in the water supply on your site, there is no need to worry, because Kohiya easily tolerates drought, but still the plant requires systematic care.
Shrub will delight you if it:
- feed up;
- cut off;
- loosen the ground.
Kohiya does not like excess moisture, so it is watered in dry weather only if the leaves begin to fade. Watering shrubs from watering cans, not from a hose - this is important. In summer, the sun and the winds dry the soil, and a crust forms on it, which prevents the circulation of moisture and air. This can be avoided if the soil is regularly loosened.
On the plot it is necessary to declare a fight to the weeds. Grass clogs the root system of shrubs, and does not allow them to grow, so weeding should be carried out several times a season. If the weather is rainy and weed grass grows quickly, weaning will have to be at least once a week. It is better not to wait until the earth dries and hardens, and weed and loosen a day after the rain.
Kochia will grow rapidly and will surely please you in the late autumn with a bright color of foliage if you feed it regularly. The first fertilizing is carried out within 14 days after planting, and then twice a month. If you do not want to poison the soil on your site with chemistry, use organic matter. Ash, humus and manure will be suitable for feeding. Kohiya keeps the shape perfectly, but in order to grow in the shape of a ball or a cone, it must be cut regularly - at least once a month.
Unlike other plants, Kohiya is not afraid of garden pests. At high humidity it may rot. To avoid the destruction of all shrubs, diseased plants are uprooted, and healthy ones are treated with a weak solution of manganese. To combat spider mites and aphids use chemical solutions.
Kohia in your garden
These shrubs will look organic in the city park and in the courtyard of a country house. They can be given the shape of a ball, a pyramid, a rectangle, and more complex shapes - dolls, columns, vases, and you can create original compositions, combining several types of this shrub.
With the help of Kochia, one can not only decorate the garden, but also zone the space. For example, mark paths, pool, gazebo, planting shrubs along them. They perform the function of a hedge and divide the space into several zones at once. And even if you have very little space in front of the house, be sure to find a piece of land for kohii. In the summer, this shrub will delight you with emerald color, and in the fall - red or orange.
Kohiya will be a universal solution for decorating any backyard plot. Such plants are in great demand because they do not need special care and constant watering. With a minimum of effort, you can grow yourself such a beautiful shrub that will delight you with bright colors from the very beginning of the summer and until the first frost.